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:: Volume 30, Issue 3 (Fall 2020) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2020, 30(3): 287-298 Back to browse issues page
The effect of employee's humor training on depression, anxiety and stress of the elderly residents in Tehran's nursing homes: a randomized clinical trial
Tannaz Taheri Gharagzlu1 , Mahboubeh Safavi 2, Mohammad Fesharaki3
1- MSc in Psychiatric Nursing, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, PhD in Health Services Management, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , msafavi@iautmu.ac.ir
3- Associate Professor, PhD in Biostatistics, Faculty of Nursing and Midwifery, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (507 Views)
Background: Nowadays, elderly has a high prevalence and older people face psychological problems. Educational interventions of nursing homes` staff can affect their satisfaction and performance. In this study, the effect of employeeschr('39') humorous intervention on depression, anxiety and stress among elderly residents in selected nursing homes in Tehran was investigated in 2018.
Materials and methods: This randomized clinical trial study was performed on two groups of 30 elderly people in Tohid (intervention) and Farzanegan (control) nursing homes. The staff of the Tohid center received the training of humor in 7 sessions of 90 minutes. Demographic questionnaire and Depression, Anxiety and Stress Questionnaire (DASS-21) were used for data gathering. Data analysis was performed using SPSS-v23.
Results: The two groups did not differ significantly in terms of demographic variables and depression, anxiety, and stress in the pretest stage (p>0.05). In the intervention group, there was a significant decrease in anxiety and stress in the elderly (p<0.05). The results of covariance analysis indicated the efficacy of intervention in reducing anxiety and stress, so that 43% of variation of anxiety and 25% of variation of stress were due to independent variable.
Conclusion: According to our findings, staff humor training is effective in reducing the anxiety and stress of the elderly. Because of its low cost, its capability and safety, it is recommended that the conditions for using this intervention are provided in the nursing homes.
Keywords: Humor, Depression, Anxiety, Stress, Elderly, Nursing home
Full-Text [PDF 391 kb]   (249 Downloads)    
Semi-pilot: Controlled/Randomized clinical trial | Subject: Nursing
Received: 2019/04/19 | Accepted: 2019/07/23 | Published: 2020/09/20
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Taheri Gharagzlu T, Safavi M, Fesharaki M. The effect of employee's humor training on depression, anxiety and stress of the elderly residents in Tehran's nursing homes: a randomized clinical trial. MEDICAL SCIENCES. 2020; 30 (3) :287-298
URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-1812-en.html

Volume 30, Issue 3 (Fall 2020) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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