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:: Volume 31, Issue 1 (spring 2021) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2021, 31(1): 97-106 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of the effectiveness of logotherapy and treatment based on acceptance and commitment on the death anxiety, resilience and hopelessness of women with multiple sclerosis
Hadi Smkhani Akbarinejhad 1, Ozra Bayrampour2, Paria Faroughi3
1- Department of Psychology, University College of Nabi Akram, Tabriz, Iran , hadiakbarinejhad@yahoo.com
2- Bachelor of Psychology, Department of Psychology, University of Charkhe Niloufari Azarbaijan, Tabriz, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, University College of Nabi Akram, Tabriz, Iran
Abstract:   (671 Views)
Background: It seems that logotherapy and acceptance and treatment based on acceptance and commitment can affect on death anxiety, resilience and hopelessness in women with multiple sclerosis (MS). The purpose of this study was to compare the efficacy of logotherapy and treatment based on acceptance and commitment on death anxiety, resilience and hopelessness in pattern with MS.
Materials and methods: The method of this study was semi-experimental with pre-test, post-test and follow up with the control group. The population of this study consisted of all women with MS in Tabriz City who were members of MS Society of Tabriz in 2019. In total, 30 women were selected by purposive sampling method, and randomly divided into three groups of logotherapy and treatment based on acceptance and commitment and control group. Members of both experimental groups received their own treatment respectively in 8 sessions of 1.5 hours. Data were analyzed by repeated measures ANOVA and Bonferroni post hoc test.
Results: Logotherapy and treatment based on acceptance and commitment led to reduce death anxiety and hopelessness, and increase resilience compared to the control group in post-test of MS patients (P<0.001). In the follow-up phase, the effect of logotherapy and treatment based on acceptance and commitment on the death anxiety, resilience and hopelessness persisted (P<0.001). The effect of logotherapy and treatment based on acceptance and commitment on the death anxiety, resilience and hopelessness was not different at posttest and follow-up period.
Conclusion: Logotherapy and treatment based on acceptance and commitment are likely to reduce death anxiety, thereby they lead to better cope with disease, increase resiliency, and reduce hopelessness in patients with MS.
Keywords: Logotherapy, Treatment based on acceptance and commitment, Death anxiety, Resilience, Hopelessness, Multiple Sclerosis.
Full-Text [PDF 349 kb]   (298 Downloads)    
Semi-pilot: Quazi-Experimental | Subject: psychology
Received: 2020/05/4 | Accepted: 2020/08/10 | Published: 2021/03/24
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Smkhani Akbarinejhad H, Bayrampour O, Faroughi P. Comparison of the effectiveness of logotherapy and treatment based on acceptance and commitment on the death anxiety, resilience and hopelessness of women with multiple sclerosis. MEDICAL SCIENCES. 2021; 31 (1) :97-106
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Volume 31, Issue 1 (spring 2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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