:: Volume 32, Issue 1 (Spring 2022) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2022, 32(1): 75-82 Back to browse issues page
Cognitive rehabilitation of attention and working memory in patients with chronic bipolar disorder using RehaCom software
Atefe Saeb1 , Peyman Hassani-Abharian2 , Shahram Zarrabian 3
1- MSc of Clinical Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Assistant Professor, Institute for Cognitive Science Studies (IRICSS), Department of Cognitive Rehabilitation, Brain and Cognition Clinic, Tehran, Iran
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Anatomical Sciences & Cognitive Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran Medical Sciences, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran , szarrabian@gmail.com
Abstract:   (2195 Views)
Background: Chronic bipolar disorder (CBD) impairs cognition, leads to depression, and deteriorates patients’ quality of life. This study assessed the usefulness of RehaCom cognitive rehabilitation software on attention and working memory functions in patients with CBD.
Materials and methods: This was a pre-test, post-test, quasi-experimental study. In this study, 50 patients with CBD at Mahan Rehabilitation Center, Tehran, Iran were selected using purposive sampling technique and were randomly divided into the control and intervention group. Both groups were pre-tested using Beck Depression Inventory, SDMT, PASAT, and n-BACK tests. The intervention group received 10 sessions (45 min each) of RehaCom software intervention. The participants in the control group were waiting-list controls. Data analyzed using descriptive statistics and multivariate analysis of covariance. Significance level was set at 0.05.
Results: Cognitive rehabilitation by RehaCom software improved attention (F = 13.92, P = 0.006, h2 = 0.53) and working memory (F = 43.58, P = 0.002, h2 = 0.77) as compared to the control group.
Conclusion: The results showed that cognitive rehabilitation program by RehaCom software can be used to improve attention function and working memory in patients with chronic bipolar disorder. Therefore, in order to use the software to improve cognitive functions, it is suggested that more detailed studies be conducted on a larger number of these types of patients.
Keywords: Chronic bipolar disorder, RehaCom cognitive rehabilitation software, Cognitive impairments.
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Semi-pilot: Quazi-Experimental | Subject: Brain and Nerves System
Received: 2021/07/5 | Accepted: 2021/10/2 | Published: 2022/03/21
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