:: Volume 18, Issue 1 (Spring 2008) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2008, 18(1): 7-11 Back to browse issues page
Interaction of α2-adrenergic system and caffeine on passive avoidance learning in male wistar rats
Parichehr Yaghmaei 1, Shahrbanoo Oryan , Zahra Hojati , Hamid Reza Javadi
1- , yaghmaei_p@yahoo.com
Abstract:   (40147 Views)

Background: There are numerous studies on the effects of caffeine on memory and learning. The activation of α2-adrenoreceptors has been reported to impair memory functions in both rats and humans. In this study, interaction of α2-adrenergic system and caffeine on memory and learning was evaluated.
Materials and methods: In this experimental study, 90 wistar rats assigned into six groups of fifteen. Rats received yohimbine (4, 6, 8, 10 μg), as a α2-adrenergic antagonist, clonidine (2, 4, 6 μg), as a α2-adrenergic agonist, and caffeine (10, 20, 30 μg). The cannula was implanted into the right lateral ventricle of all rats with steriotaxi method. Then, they were trained in shuttlebox. Post-training intracerebroventricular (ICV) injection was carried out in all experiments and optimum doses were identified.
Results: Caffeine and yohimbine fostered memory and learning (p<0.001), while clonidine diminished these abilities compared to saline injection (p<0.05). Co-administration of the optimum doses of clonidine and yohimbine showed statistically significant reduction in the time of step-through latency (p<0.05). Instead, co-administration of clonidine and caffeine revealed no significant increase in the time of step-through latency (NS).
Conclusion: It is concluded that yohimbine and caffeine, unlike clonidine, increase memory.

Keywords: Caffeine, Yohimbine, Clonidine, α2-adrenergic system, Memory, Learning
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Subject: Epidemiology
Received: 2010/09/14 | Accepted: 2016/04/12 | Published: 2016/04/12

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Volume 18, Issue 1 (Spring 2008) Back to browse issues page