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:: Volume 29, Issue 2 (Summer 2019) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2019, 29(2): 181-190 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of effectiveness of acceptance commitment therapy and metacognitive therapy on reducing symptoms, psychological capital and quality of life of patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome
Sarah Pashing * 1, Aniss Khosh Lahjeh Sedgh2
1- Faculty of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, karaj, Iran , sarahpashang@yahoo.com
2- PhD, Health Psychology, Faculty of Psychology, Islamic Azad University, Karaj Branch, karaj, Iran
Abstract:   (287 Views)
Background: The aim of the present study was to compare effectiveness of metacognitive therapy (MCT) and acceptance commitment therapy (ACT) on reducing syndromes, psychological capital and quality of life of patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome (IBS).
Materials and methods: Research method was quasi-experimental with pre-test, post- test, three-month follow-up and control group. Statistical population was all 20-40 years old females suffering from IBS who applied to Counseling Center of Pharmaceutical Sciences University located in Tehran City. Through available sampling, 45 patients were selected and assigned randomly in experimental group 1 (MCT), experimental group 2 (ACT) and control group (15 in each group). The Psychological Capital Inventory (Luthans, 1992) and Quality of Life Inventory (Ware & Sherbourne, 1992) were administered pre-test, post-test and follow-up period. The therapeutic packages of acceptance, commitment therapy and metacognitive therapy applied on experimental groups for eight 90- minute sessions once a week. Control group was placed in a waiting list.
Results: Both therapeutic methods equally increased psychological capital and quality of life in patients suffering from IBS. According to physicians’ report and own patients themselves, the symptoms of the disease were significantly reduced. Three- month follow-up confirmed these results.
Conclusion: Since psychosocial factors, in addition to biological elements, influence on severity of IBS symptoms, improving healthy quality of life and psychological capital indicators should be paid attention to prevent and treat this disorder.
Keywords: Acceptance and commitment therapy, Metacognitive therapy, Psychological capital, Quality of life, irritable bowel syndrome.
Keywords: Acceptance and commitment therapy, Metacognitive therapy, Psychological capital, Quality of life, irritable bowel syndrome.
Full-Text [PDF 607 kb]   (122 Downloads)    
Semi-pilot: Semi-pilot | Subject: psychology
Received: 2018/11/24 | Accepted: 2019/01/1 | Published: 2019/06/18
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Pashing S, Khosh Lahjeh Sedgh A. Comparison of effectiveness of acceptance commitment therapy and metacognitive therapy on reducing symptoms, psychological capital and quality of life of patients suffering from irritable bowel syndrome . MEDICAL SCIENCES. 2019; 29 (2) :181-190
URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-1585-en.html


Volume 29, Issue 2 (Summer 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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