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:: Volume 29, Issue 4 ( winter 2019) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2019, 29(4): 349-356 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of personality traits of opiate and amphetamine-dependent individuals
Said Pournaghash-Tehrani * 1, Negar Mazloomhoseini2
1- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. , spournaghash@yahoo.com
2- MSc of clinical psychology, Department of psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (225 Views)
Background: Among the etiological and precipitating factors in tendency to use drugs, psychological variables and personality traits are of particular importance in relation to drug abuse. This study was carried out in order to assess not only different dimensions of temperament and character in opiates and amphetamines-dependent patients but to examine any existing relationship between these dimensions and the abused substance.
Materials and methods: In this survey correlation study, 46 amphetamine and 50 opiates-dependent subjects who referred for treatment to Aftab clinic in the city of Mashahd (a North-Eastern city in Iran) were selected. Subjects were administered Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-56).  The data were analyzed using SPSS v.21.T-Test was used to compare the mean of the groups.
Results: The subscales of the temperament scale including novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, persistence and the subscales of the character dimensions including cooperativeness and self-transcendence scores were higher in amphetamine-dependent individuals than in opiate-dependents.
Conclusion: Our findings revealed significant differences between the personality traits of opiates and amphetamine-dependent individuals.
Keywords: TCI, Personality traits, Opiates, Amphetamines, Addict.
Full-Text [PDF 484 kb]   (77 Downloads)    
Semi-pilot: Survey/Cross Sectional/Descriptive | Subject: psychology
Received: 2018/06/10 | Accepted: 2019/02/19 | Published: 2019/12/28
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Pournaghash-Tehrani S, Mazloomhoseini N. Comparison of personality traits of opiate and amphetamine-dependent individuals. MEDICAL SCIENCES. 2019; 29 (4) :349-356
URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-1690-en.html

Volume 29, Issue 4 ( winter 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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