[Home ] [Archive]   [ فارسی ]  
:: Main :: About :: Current Issue :: Archive :: Search :: Submit :: Contact ::
:: Volume 29, Issue 4 ( winter 2019) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2019, 29(4): 349-356 Back to browse issues page
Comparison of personality traits of opiate and amphetamine-dependent individuals
Said Pournaghash-Tehrani * 1, Negar Mazloomhoseini2
1- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. , spournaghash@yahoo.com
2- MSc of clinical psychology, Department of psychology, School of Educational Sciences and Psychology, University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (225 Views)
Background: Among the etiological and precipitating factors in tendency to use drugs, psychological variables and personality traits are of particular importance in relation to drug abuse. This study was carried out in order to assess not only different dimensions of temperament and character in opiates and amphetamines-dependent patients but to examine any existing relationship between these dimensions and the abused substance.
Materials and methods: In this survey correlation study, 46 amphetamine and 50 opiates-dependent subjects who referred for treatment to Aftab clinic in the city of Mashahd (a North-Eastern city in Iran) were selected. Subjects were administered Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-56).  The data were analyzed using SPSS v.21.T-Test was used to compare the mean of the groups.
Results: The subscales of the temperament scale including novelty seeking, harm avoidance, reward dependence, persistence and the subscales of the character dimensions including cooperativeness and self-transcendence scores were higher in amphetamine-dependent individuals than in opiate-dependents.
Conclusion: Our findings revealed significant differences between the personality traits of opiates and amphetamine-dependent individuals.
Keywords: TCI, Personality traits, Opiates, Amphetamines, Addict.
Full-Text [PDF 484 kb]   (77 Downloads)    
Semi-pilot: Survey/Cross Sectional/Descriptive | Subject: psychology
Received: 2018/06/10 | Accepted: 2019/02/19 | Published: 2019/12/28
References
1. 1. Sarkhel S. Kaplan and Sadock's synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry, 10 th Edition. Indian J Psychiatry 2009;51:331.
2. Sadock B, Sadock V, Ruiz P, Eds. Synopsis of psychiatry. New York: Wolters Kluwer; 2016.
3. Mirfakhraei N, Khanjani Z, Badri R. The study of personality in addicts and normal group with due attention to gender. JREHAB. 2013; 14 :8-16. [In Persian]
4. Oruki M, Hosseininez Rezaei SMA. Comparison between self-direction, novelty and other personality traits with improving and regressing mood and mental health of drug dependents. Quarterly Journal of Social Cognition 2016; 1: 23-33.
5. Zareie Matekolaei E. Personality disorders and addiction. Social Health and Addiction 2017; 3: 39-72. [In Persian]
6. Castellanos-Ryan N, Conrod P. Personality and substance misuse: evidence for a four-factor model of vulnerability. In: Verster JC, Brady K, Galanter M, Conrod P, Eds. drug abuse and addiction in medical illness: causes, consequences and treatment. Berlin, Germany: Springer Science + Business Media; 2012. P.47-62. [DOI:10.1007/978-1-4614-3375-0_4]
7. Khakpour M, Afrooz G, Ghanbari Hashemabad B, Rejaee A, Ghobari bonab B, Mehrafarid M. Predicting of severity of addiction from temperament and character features in individuals with drug addiction. JNKUMS. 2016; 8 :257-69. [In Persian] [DOI:10.18869/acadpub.jnkums.8.2.257]
8. Bora E, Veznedaroglu B. Temperament and character dimensions of the relatives of schizophrenia patients and controls: the relationship between schizotypal features and personality. Eur Psychiatry 2007;22:27-31. [DOI:10.1016/j.eurpsy.2006.07.002]
9. Cloninger CR, Svrakic DM, Przybeck TR. A psychobiological model of temperament and character. Arch Gen Psychiatry 1993;50:975-90. [DOI:10.1001/archpsyc.1993.01820240059008]
10. Cloninger C, Svrakic D. Personality disorders. In: Sadock BJ, Sadock VA, Eds. Comprehensive textbook of psychiatry. 8th Edition. Philadelphia: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2005. P.2063-105.
11. Elovainio M, Kivimäki M, Viikari J, Ekelund J, Keltikangas-Järvinen L. The mediating role of novelty seeking in the association between the type 4 dopamine receptor gene polymorphism and cigarette-smoking behavior. Personality and Individual Differences 2005; 38: 639-45. [DOI:10.1016/j.paid.2004.05.018]
12. Chaudhri N, Caggiula A, Donny E, Palmatier M, Liu X, Sved A. Complex interactions between nicotine and nonpharmacological stimuli reveal multiple roles for nicotine in reinforcement. Psychopharmacology Journal. 2006; 184: 353-366. [DOI:10.1007/s00213-005-0178-1]
13. Pomerleau C, Pomerleau O, Flessland K, Basson S. Relationship of Tridimensional Personality Questionnaire scores and smoking variables in female and male smokers. Journal of Substance Abuse 1992; 4:143-154. [DOI:10.1016/0899-3289(92)90014-O]
14. Heath A, Madden P, Slutske W, Martin N. Personality and the inheritance of smoking behavior: a genetic perspective. Behavior Genetics Journal 1995; 25: 103-117. [DOI:10.1007/BF02196921]
15. Gerra G, Zaimovic A, Timpano M, Zambelli U, Begarani M, Marzocchi GF, et al. Neuroendocrine correlates of temperament traits in abstinent opiate addicts. J Subst Abuse. 2000;11:337-54 [DOI:10.1016/S0899-3289(00)00031-6]
16. Leventhal AM, Waters AJ, Boyd S, Moolchan ET, Heishman SJ, Lerman C. Associations between Cloninger's temperament dimensions and acute tobacco withdrawal. Addict Behav 2007; 32: 2976-89. [DOI:10.1016/j.addbeh.2007.06.014]
17. Abolghasemi A, Kiamarsi A, Momeni S. Temperament and character dimensions in narcotics addicts and normal people. Journal of Research on Addiction 2013;7:125-136. [In Persian]
18. Aspelan I. Personality problems among patients with substance use disorders: assessment and clinical implications [Thesis]. Oslo: University of Oslo; 2015.
19. Kaviani, H. Normative data on Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI): complimentary findings. Tehran University Medical Journal 2009; 67: 262-266. [In Persian]
20. Rabbani M, Khormaei F. Comparison of spirituality dimensions among opioid dependent, methamphetamine dependent, and normal people. Health Spiritual Med Ethics 2017;4:27-31.
21. Adams J B, Heath AJ, Young SE, Hewitt JK, Corely RP, Stallings MC. Relationships between personality and preferred substance and motivations for use among adolescent substance abusers. Am J Drug Alcohol Abuse 2003; 29: 691-712. [DOI:10.1081/ADA-120023465]
22. Ketabi S, Maher, F, Borjali A. Evaluate the personality profiles of drug addicts using the Two of Personality Cloninger and Eysenck. Journal of Research on Addiction. 2009; 2: 45-55. [In Persian]
23. Birt MA, Vaida A, Prelipceanu D. Use of the temperament and character inventory personality questionnaire in dysthymic disorder. J Clin Med 2006; 1: 29-34.
24. Greenway AP, Phelan M, Turnbull S, Milne LC. Religious coping strategies and spiritual transcendence. Mental Health, Religion and Culture 2007; 10: 325-33. [DOI:10.1080/13694670600719839]
Send email to the article author

Add your comments about this article
Your username or Email:

CAPTCHA



XML   Persian Abstract   Print


Download citation:
BibTeX | RIS | EndNote | Medlars | ProCite | Reference Manager | RefWorks
Send citation to:

Pournaghash-Tehrani S, Mazloomhoseini N. Comparison of personality traits of opiate and amphetamine-dependent individuals. MEDICAL SCIENCES. 2019; 29 (4) :349-356
URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-1690-en.html


Volume 29, Issue 4 ( winter 2019) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
Persian site map - English site map - Created in 0.06 seconds with 32 queries by YEKTAWEB 4072