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:: Volume 32, Issue 3 (Fall 2022) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2022, 32(3): 246-255 Back to browse issues page
Toxicity and bioactivity evaluation of interferon alpha-2b conjugated with solid lipid nanoparticles
Delaram Doroud 1, Marjan Khatami2 , Nasim Rahmani3 , Maryam Shahali4 , Ariana Alavi5 , Mohammad Hossein Hedayati6
1- PhD in Pharmaceutical Sciences, Production & Research Complex, Tehran, Iran , d_doroud@yahoo.com
2- MsC in Biochemistry, Islamic Azad University, Science and Research Branch, Tehran, Iran
3- Pharm.D, Pharmaceutics and Drug Delivery Systems Laboratory, Production & Research Complex, Tehran, Iran
4- PhD in Molecular Genetics, Production & Research Complex, Tehran, Iran
5- BSc in Biotechnology, Pharmaceutics and Drug Delivery Systems Laboratory, Production & Research Complex, Tehran, Iran
6- PhD in Medicine Biotechnology, Production & Research Complex, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (159 Views)
Background: Interferon (IFN) are small proteins that belong to the cytokine family and may interfere with viral infections and some cancers. There are many studies focused on the PEGylated interferon’s bioactivity. In this study, we used solid lipid nanoparticles (SLNs) to produce new drug formulations, with the aim of reducing costs, increasing effectiveness, and also reducing side effects, and the biological effects of the formulation and comparing the obtained results with the interferon alpha-2b and PEGylated interferon alpha-2b.
Materials and methods: In this study, we evaluateed the toxicity and bioactivity of three formulations: interferon alpha-2b, PEGylated interferon alpha-2b, and encapsulated interferon alpha-2b with solid lipid nanoparticles using the MTT method and cytopathic inhibition assay (CPE), respectively.
Results: The toxic effects of interferon encapsulated solid lipid nanoparticle (SLN-INF) was comparable with interferon and PEGylated interferon. In addition, empty solid lipid nanoparticles had no toxic effects on cells. The SLN-IFN showed higher bioactivity than the other samples tested (interferon alpha-2b, PEGylated interferon alpha-2b) and maintained its bioactivity over time.
Conclusion: The results of this study indicate that interferon alpha-2b conjugated with solid lipid nanoparticles is a capable formulation with sufficient bioactivity and acceptable toxicity as compared to PEGylated interferon and can be applied in clinical trials in future studies.
 
Keywords: Interferon alpha-2b, Solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN), Bioactivity
Full-Text [PDF 567 kb]   (67 Downloads)    
Semi-pilot: Experimental | Subject: Pharmacology
Received: 2020/12/29 | Accepted: 2022/05/9 | Published: 2022/09/1
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Doroud D, Khatami M, Rahmani N, Shahali M, Alavi A, Hedayati M H. Toxicity and bioactivity evaluation of interferon alpha-2b conjugated with solid lipid nanoparticles. MEDICAL SCIENCES 2022; 32 (3) :246-255
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Volume 32, Issue 3 (Fall 2022) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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