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:: دوره 32، شماره 4 - ( زمستان 1401 ) ::
جلد 32 شماره 4 صفحات 355-347 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
اثر ترکیبات فیتوشیمیایی بر شاخصه های فشار اکسایشی، التهاب و آسیب عضله اسکلتی ناشی از فعالیت بدنی
محسن صاحبی1، محمدعلی آذربایجانی 2، مقصود پیری3
1- دانشجوی دکتری فیزیولوژی ورزشی، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی
2- گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی ، m_azarbayjani@iauctb.ac.ir
3- گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد تهران مرکزی
چکیده:   (132 مشاهده)
فعالیت های بدنی با افزایش تولید گونه های فعال اکسیژن همراه است. تولید گونه های فعال اکسیژن تابعی از شدت ، مدت  و نوع فعالیت می باشد. هرچند مقادیر فیزیولوژیک گونه های فعال اکسیژن برای تنظیم واکنش های سلولی ضروری می باشد، اما تولید بیش از حد آنها می تواند آسیب های متعددی را بر ساختار و عملکرد سلول ها وارد نموده و هم عملکرد جسمانی را تضعیف نموده و هم سلامتی را به مخاطره اندازد. با وجود آنکه فعالیت بدنی خود محرکی برای افزایش ظرفیت دفاع آنتی اکسیدانی می باشد، ولی در صورت اجرای تمرینات شدید و طولانی ، تولید گونه های فعال اکسیژن فراتر از ظرفیت دفاع انتی اکسیدانی می گردد. در این شرایط استفاده از مواد آنتی اکسیدان برون زاد می توان راهکار مناسبی برای توسعه عملکرد و سلامت  جسمانی باشد. گیاهان از منابع سرشار و غنی مواد آنتی اکسیدان هستند که می توانند بخش عمده گونه های فعال اکسیژن ناشی از تمرینات جسمانی را خنثی نموده و به دنبال آن التهاب و آسیب های عضلانی همراه با انقباض های عضلانی مکرر به ویژه انقباض های برون گرا را کاهش دهند. با وجود آنکه  به دلیل تفاوت های روش شناسی در مطالعات برخی تناقضات در نتایج مطالعات  وجود دارد، با این وجود نتایج مطالعات در کل اثر گذاری مواد فیتوشیمیایی بر کاهش فشار اکسایشی، التهاب، درد، آسیب عضلانی و بهبود عملکرد جسمانی  را تایید می نماییندو بر این اساس توصیه می شود افرادی که به انجام تمرینات جسمانی شدید و طولانی مبادرت می ورزند، جهت حفظ و بهبود عملکردجسمانی و توسعه سلامتی از مواد فیتوشیمیایی موجود در گیاهان  استفاده نمایند.
 
واژه‌های کلیدی: فعالیت بدنی شدید، فشار اکسایشی، التهاب، مواد فیتوشیمیایی
متن کامل [PDF 339 kb]   (48 دریافت)    
نيمه آزمايشي : مروري | موضوع مقاله: فيزيولوژي
دریافت: 1401/3/17 | پذیرش: 1401/7/12 | انتشار: 1401/10/10
فهرست منابع
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Sahibi M, Azarbayjani M A, Peeri M. The effect of phytochemical compounds on indicators of oxidative stress, inflammation and skeletal muscle damage caused by physical activity. MEDICAL SCIENCES 2022; 32 (4) :347-355
URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-2011-fa.html

صاحبی محسن، آذربایجانی محمدعلی، پیری مقصود. اثر ترکیبات فیتوشیمیایی بر شاخصه های فشار اکسایشی، التهاب و آسیب عضله اسکلتی ناشی از فعالیت بدنی. فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران 1401; 32 (4) :355-347

URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-2011-fa.html



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دوره 32، شماره 4 - ( زمستان 1401 ) برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
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