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:: دوره 33، شماره 4 - ( زمستان 1402 ) ::
جلد 33 شماره 4 صفحات 321-305 برگشت به فهرست نسخه ها
مروری بر اثرات تمرینات ورزشی بر نشانگرهای سندرم متابولیک در زنان یائسه و چاق
سیروان آتشک 1، رضا رشدی بناب2 ، محمد علی آذربایجانی3
1- دانشیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، واحد مهاباد، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، مهاباد، ایران ، sirvan.atashak@gmail.com
2- استادیار گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، واحد بناب، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، بناب، ایران
3- استاد، گروه فیزیولوژی ورزشی، واحد تهران مرکزی، دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی، تهران، ایران.
چکیده:   (575 مشاهده)
سابقه و هدف: چاقی و سندرم متابولیک ترکیبی از اختلالات متابولیکی متعددی هستند که خطر بروز بیماری‌های مزمن و مرگ و میر را افزایش می‌دهند و شیوع بسیار بالایی در سراسر جهان و به ویژه در بین زنان یائسه دارند. با این حال، نشان داده شده است که انجام تمرینات ورزشی منظم و افزایش سطح فعالیت بدنی می‌تواند باعث بهبود نشانگرهای سندرم متابولیک و عوارض ناشی از چاقی شود. لذا مطالعه مروری حاضر با هدف بررسی اثرات انواع مختلف تمرینات ورزشی بر نشانگرهای سندرم متابولیک در زنان چاق و یائسه همراه با سازوکارهای سلولی-مولکولی احتمالی انجام شد.
روش بررسی: برای این مرور نظام­مند، اطلاعات مربوطه از طریق جستجوی کلید واژه‌های مرتبط با اثرات تمرینات ورزشی مختلف بر نشانگرهای سندرم متابولیک در زنان یائسه و چاق، از بانک‌های اطلاعاتی و وبگاه‌های متعدد خارجی از جمله Google Scholar، Science Direct، Pubmed، Web of Science و داخلی SID، IranDoc، Magiran استخراج شد.
یافته­ها: نتایج حاصل از بررسی حاضر نشان داد که انواع مختلف برنامه‌های تمرینات ورزشی از طریق سازوکار‌ها و مکانیزم‌های فیزیولوژیک مختلف باعث بهبود اغلب نشانگرهای سندرم متابولیک در زنان چاق و زنان یائسه می‌گردد.
نتیجه­گیری: به نظر می‌رسد که افزایش فعالیت بدنی و انواع مختلف مداخلات ورزشی (هوازی، مقاومتی، ترکیبی و HIIT) می‌تواند باعث بهبود عوامل خطرزای سندرم متابولیک شده و لذا می‌تواند استراتژی کلیدی برای پیشگیری و کنترل این اختلال متابولیکی در در زنان چاق و یائسه ‌باشد.
 
واژه‌های کلیدی: تمرین ورزشی، سندرم متابولیک، زنان یائسه، چاقی
متن کامل [PDF 408 kb]   (255 دریافت)    
نيمه آزمايشي : مروري | موضوع مقاله: فيزيولوژي
دریافت: 1402/2/18 | پذیرش: 1402/5/15 | انتشار: 1402/9/10
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Atashak S, Roshdi Bonab R, Azarbayejani M A. A review of the effects of exercise training on the metabolic syndrome markers in postmenopausal and obese women. MEDICAL SCIENCES 2023; 33 (4) :305-321
URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-2109-fa.html

آتشک سیروان، رشدی بناب رضا، آذربایجانی محمد علی. مروری بر اثرات تمرینات ورزشی بر نشانگرهای سندرم متابولیک در زنان یائسه و چاق. فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی تهران. 1402; 33 (4) :305-321

URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-2109-fa.html



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فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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