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:: Volume 22, Issue 3 (Fall 2012) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2012, 22(3): 163-167 Back to browse issues page
The effect of coconut fruit meat on testosterone and gonadotropic hormones level and germ cells in adult male rats
Mehrdad Shariati 1, Mehrdad Modarresi2 , Firouz Arabi3
1- Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun Branch, Kazerun, Iran , mehrdadshariati@hotmail.com
2- Department of Biology, Islamic Azad University, Khorasgan Branch, Khorasgan, Iran
3- MSc, Department of Physiology, Islamic Azad University, Kazerun Branch, Kazerun, Iran
Abstract:   (37216 Views)
Background: The coconut fruit meat contains some chemical compounds such as saturated and unsaturated fatty acids. Saturated and unsaturated fatty acids inhibit 5-α-reductase enzyme and cause increasing cholesterol level in body. The present study was carried out with the aim of determining the effect of coconut fruit meat on spermatogenesis, testosterone and gonadotropic hormones level in adult male rats.
Materials and methods: In this experimental study, 40 male rats Wistar strain were divided into 5 groups of eight including the control group received nothing, the sham group received an equal volume of normal saline as a solvent and the experimental groups received 500, 1000 and 2000 mg/kg of meat of coconut fruit for 30 days orally. At the end of the 30th day, the blood samples and the testes were removed and histological changes were studied among experimental, sham and control groups. Data were analyzed by one- way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and independent t-test.
Results: Concentrations of 1000 and 2000 mg/kg of coconut meat increased testosterone level and sperm condense in seminiferous tubules in comparison with the control and sham groups (p<0.05).
Conclusion: Meat of coconut fruit increases testosterone level and tubular sperm condense, via inhibiting 5-α- reductase and increasing 17-β- hydroxy steroid dehydrogenase enzyme biosynthesize that which might be because of the lauric, myristic and palmitic acid content of the coconut fruit meat.
Keywords: Coconut meat, Germ cells, Gonadotropin, Testosterone, Rat
Full-Text [PDF 194 kb]   (4098 Downloads)    
Semi-pilot: Experimental | Subject: Animal Biology
Received: 2012/09/23 | Published: 2012/09/15
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Shariati M, Modarresi M, Arabi F. The effect of coconut fruit meat on testosterone and gonadotropic hormones level and germ cells in adult male rats . MEDICAL SCIENCES 2012; 22 (3) :163-167
URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-587-en.html


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Volume 22, Issue 3 (Fall 2012) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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