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:: Volume 15, Issue 2 (Summer 2005) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2005, 15(2): 79-84 Back to browse issues page
Development of covalent reverse dot-blot technique for rapid diagnosis of two common .-thalassemia mutations: IVS-I-5 and IVS-I-110 in Iran
Hashemi M, Nazemi A, Forouzandeh M 1
Abstract:   (22352 Views)
Background: Beta-thalassemia is an autosomal recessive disorder that most commonly caused by point mutations in the beta-globin gene. IVS-I-5 and IVS-I-110 are the most frequent mutations found among Iranians comprising 12% of all mutations. In this study, we develop the implementation of the reverse Dot-Blot (RDB) hybridization technique as a rapid and simple method for the detection of the two common mutations in the beta-globin gene.
Materials and methods: Total genomic DNA was extracted and PCR with specific primer (forward and reverse primer) was performed on region of beta-globin gene consisting the two mutations. Labeled dNTPs with DIG-II-dUTP were used in PCR mixture therefore PCR product contained DIG labeling formed. The oligonucleotide probe was immobilized onto a Biodyne C nylon membrane via activation membrane. The strips were hybridized with 10 microliters of denatured PCR product labeled to DIG at 42°C for 60 minutes. After blocking strip with the blocking buffer, the strip exposed to 5 unit anti-DIG antibody conjugates with alkaline phosphatase for 30 minutes at room temperature. The color detection was performed with nitroblue tetrazolium salt (NBT/BCIP) substrate for 120 minutes.
 Results: The presence of a particular DNA sequence was detected by the appearance of a dot on the membrane. Normal individuals (N/N) showed dots with each wild-type sequence but not with any mutant probe. Heterozygotic individuals showed the appearance of a single mutation dot in addition to all the normal dots and homozygous individuals revealed dots with each mutant probe but not with any wild-type sequence.
Conclusion: we described a rapid and simple strategy to detect beta-thalassemia mutations based on PCR followed by reverse Dot-Blot hybridization.
Keywords: Beta-thalassemia, Mutation, Strip, Reverse Dot-Blot hybridization.
Full-Text [PDF 544 kb]   (2435 Downloads)    
Subject: Nutrition Sciences
Received: 2006/09/6 | Published: 2005/06/15
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Hashemi M, Nazemi A, Forouzandeh M. Development of covalent reverse dot-blot technique for rapid diagnosis of two common .-thalassemia mutations: IVS-I-5 and IVS-I-110 in Iran . MEDICAL SCIENCES. 2005; 15 (2) :79-84
URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-270-en.html


Volume 15, Issue 2 (Summer 2005) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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