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:: Volume 31, Issue 4 (WINTER 2021) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2021, 31(4): 432-441 Back to browse issues page
Comparing the effectiveness of reality therapy and the approach of interactional behavior analysis on character strength in infertile women
Razieh Zahedi1 , Mina Mojtabaie 2, Amin Rafieipour3
1- PhD Student of Health Psychology, Department of Psychology, Roodehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen, Iran
2- Associate Professor, Department of Psychology, Roodehen Branch, Islamic Azad University, Roodehen, Iran , rzahedi1990@gmail.com
3- Assistant Professor, Department of Psychology, Payame Noor University, Tehran, Iran
Abstract:   (868 Views)
Background: Infertility is one of the most common problems of women that always has negative psychological consequences for infertile women. Accordingly, the aim of this study was to investigate and compare the effectiveness of reality therapy and interaction behavior analysis approach on character strength in infertile women.
Materials and methods: The present study was a quasi-experimental study with a pretest and posttest design with a control and follow-up group of 45 days. The research population was infertile women who referred to Ibn Sina Infertility Clinic in Tehran in 2018. 45 people were randomly assigned to 3 groups (each 15 people). Experimental groups were trained in 10 sessions of 90 minutes with reality therapy methods and interaction behavior analysis approach and the control group was not trained. Data with demographic information form and competency questionnaire behavior (VIA-IS) was analyzed by chi-square, multivariate analysis of variance and Bonferroni post hoc test in SPSS software version 22.
Results: The results showed that there was a significant difference between the effectiveness of reality therapy and interaction behavior analysis on character strength in infertile women (P <0.05); in other words, reality therapy had a greater effect on character strength in infertile women than interaction behavior analysis (P <0.05).
Conclusion: Considering the effectiveness of reality therapy on the character strength of infertile women, it is necessary to pay attention to this approach in order to accept the problem of infertility and reduce its consequences in infertile women, along with medical treatments.
Keywords: Reality therapy, Interaction behavior analysis, Character strength, Infertility.
Full-Text [PDF 350 kb]   (252 Downloads)    
Semi-pilot: Semi-pilot | Subject: psychology
Received: 2021/05/15 | Accepted: 2021/07/10 | Published: 2021/12/1
References
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27. Damadi H, Shirazi E, Sadegh Esfehani N. The effect of theater therapy on general health of infertile women. Med J Mashhad 2019;62:160-8. [In Persian]
28. Kim M, Moon S, Kim J. Effects of psychological intervention for Korean infertile women under in vitro fertilization on infertility stress, depression, intimacy, sexual satisfaction and fatigue. Arch Psychiatr Nurs 2020;34:211-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.apnu.2020.05.001]
29. Alosaimi FD, Alghamdi AH, Almufleh AS. Work-related stress and stress-coping strategies in residents and administrative employees working in a tertiary care hospital in KSA. J Taibah Uni Med Sci 2016;11:32-40. [DOI:10.1016/j.jtumed.2015.08.009]
30. Gurkova E, Zelenikova R. Nursing students' perceived stress, coping strategies, health and supervisory approaches in clinical practice: A Slovak and Czech perspective. Nurse Educ Today 2018;65:4-10. [DOI:10.1016/j.nedt.2018.02.023]
31. Rajgariah R, Chandrashekarappa SM, Babu KV, Gopi A, Mysore NM, Kumar J. Parenting stress and coping strategies adopted among working and non-working mothers and its association with socio-demographic variables: A cross-sectional study. Clin Epidemiol Glob Health 2021;9:191-5. [DOI:10.1016/j.cegh.2020.08.013]
32. Pogere EF, Lopez-Sangil MC, Garcia-Senoran MG, Gonzalez A. Teachers' job stressors and coping strategies: Their structural relationships with emotional exhaustion and autonomy support. Teaching and Teacher Education 2019;85:269-80. [DOI:10.1016/j.tate.2019.07.001]
33. Wang W, Ting Y. Reality therapy groups: It's effect on the stress reactions and coping strategies of female nurses in the critical care units. Chinese Journal of Guidance and Counseling 2012;32:57-84.
34. Horigome T, Kurokawa S, Sawada K, Kudo S, Shiga K, Mimura M, Kishimoto T. Virtual reality exposure therapy for social anxiety disorder: a systematic review and metaanalysis. Psychol Med 2020;50:2487-97. [DOI:10.1017/S0033291720003785]
35. Wiederhold BK, Riva G. Virtual reality therapy: Emerging topics and future challenges. Cyberpsychol Behav Soc Netw 2019;22:3-6. [DOI:10.1089/cyber.2018.29136.bkw]
36. Chiu H, Chen P, Chen Y, Huang H. Reality orientation therapy benefits cognition in older people with dementia: A meta-analysis. Int J Nurs Stud 2018;86:20-8. [DOI:10.1016/j.ijnurstu.2018.06.008]
37. Sardarpur M, Zagar Y, Bassak Nejad S, Mehrabizadeh Honarmand M. The effectiveness of transactional analysis therapy on social intimacy and coping styles with stress among students. J Clin Psychol 2016;1:85-102. [In Persian]
38. Reed P. A transactional analysis of changes in parent and chick behaviour prior to separation of Herring Gulls (Larus Argentatus): A three-term contingency model. Behav Processes 2015;118:21-7. [DOI:10.1016/j.beproc.2015.05.008]
39. Haghighi Cheli A, Mohtashami J, Zadehmodares S, Arabborzu Z. The effect of transactional analysis group behavioral therapy on infertile women's marital satisfaction. Crescent J Med Biol Sci 2019;6:375-80.
40. Yamakita T, Shimizu Y, Arima M, Ashihara M, Matsunaga K. Successful treatment of multiplex alopecia areata using transactional analysis: a case report. Case Rep Dermatol 2014;6:248-52. [DOI:10.1159/000368821]
41. Aghamiri N, Niknam N. The effectiveness of reality therapy training on coping strategies and cognitive distortions among pregnant women. Community Health 2018;5:338-40. [In Persian]
42. Ramzi L, Sepehri Shamloo Z, AliPour A, Zare H. The effectiveness of group reality therapy in coping strategies. J Fam Psychol 2015;1:19-30. [In Persian]
43. Cheraghali Gol H, Hashemian K, Sahebi A. The effect of group reality therapy on the symptoms of stress and stress coping strategies among girls. Appl Cogn Psychol 2016;7:21-33. [In Persian]
44. Sanaeinasab H, Saffari M, Hashempour M, Karimi Zarchi AA, Alghamdi WA, Koenig HG. Effect of a transactional model education program on coping effectiveness in women with multiple sclerosis. Brain and Behav 2017;7:1-9. [DOI:10.1002/brb3.810]
45. Ahsangar S, Sarandi P. Investigating the relationship transactional analysis training in coping strategies with life satisfaction of women with breast cancer. J Woman Stud Fam 2018;11:1-27. [In Persian]
46. ElahiNejad S, Makvand Hosseini Sh, Sabahi P. Comparing the effectiveness of reality therapy and neurofeedback training on improving the quality of life in women with breast cancer. Neuropsychol 2020;6:63-82. [In Persian]
47. Jabbari R, Mirzahosseini H, Sadegh Mahboob S. Effectiveness of group training of transactional analysis on distress tolerance and communication skills of delinquent adolescents. Dev Psychol: Iran Psychol 2019;16:73-85. [In Persian]
48. Endler NS, Parker JD. Multidimensional assessment of coping: A critical evaluation. J Pers Soc Psychol 1990;58:844-54. [DOI:10.1037/0022-3514.58.5.844]
49. Sadr MM, A'azami Y, Moatamedy A, Siah Kamari R, Mamsharifi P. Investigating the role of coping strategies, purposefulness in life, and quality of life in marital adjustment of retirees. Iranian Journal of Psychiatric Nursing (IJPN). 2018;6:11-22. [In Persian]
50. Hadzi-Pesic M, Mitrovic M, Car KB, Stojanovic D. Personality of alcohol addict according to the theory of transactional analysis. Procedia Soc Behav Sci 2014;127:230-4. [DOI:10.1016/j.sbspro.2014.03.246]
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Zahedi R, Mojtabaie M, Rafieipour A. Comparing the effectiveness of reality therapy and the approach of interactional behavior analysis on character strength in infertile women. MEDICAL SCIENCES. 2021; 31 (4) :432-441
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Volume 31, Issue 4 (WINTER 2021) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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