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:: Volume 32, Issue 4 (winter 2022) ::
MEDICAL SCIENCES 2022, 32(4): 337-346 Back to browse issues page
Review on the role of host genetic factors in the susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2
Fatemeh Karami1 , Mohammad Hossein Modarressi 2
1- Department of Medical Genetics, Applied Biophotonics Research Center, Science and Research Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran, Iran
2- Department of Medical Genetics, Faculty of Medicine, Tehran University Of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran , modaresi@tums.ac.ir
Abstract:   (826 Views)
Background: Severe acute respiratory system Cov-2 pandemic has affected the world populations for more than one year. Different incidence and severity of this viral disease among various age range and individuals with different background disease may indicate the pivotal role of host genetic factors in their prevalence and mortality rate. In this regards, present study was performed to review the most important genetic variants and factors in incidence and severity of SARS-CoV-2 based on the carried out studies in various populations.  
Materials and methods: Databases including PubMed, PubMed Central, Google Scholar, Bing, medRxiv and COVID-19 host genetics initiative were explored using key words including gene polymorphism, gene expression, gene variant, infection risk and disease severity to find the papers regarding genetic factors association with SARS-CoV-2 and its severity.
Results and Conclusion: Its seems that in addition to the HLA system variants and the genes related to interferons as well as IFITM3, ACE2, TMPRSS2, CD147, ACE and TLR7 genes are the most important genes which are involved in SARS-CoV-2 pathogenesis. Investigating the association of the most important genetic variants among different populations with SARS-Cov-2 can provide the way towards more targeted therapies for this disease. Moreover, by recognizing those variants, more efficient steps can be taken in early identification of the high risk carriers of the same next generation viruses.
 
Keywords: SARS-CoV-2, Gene variant, Gene polymorphism, Disease severity
Full-Text [PDF 328 kb]   (400 Downloads)    
Semi-pilot: Review | Subject: Genetic
Received: 2022/03/7 | Accepted: 2022/09/4 | Published: 2022/10/2
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Karami F, Modarressi M H. Review on the role of host genetic factors in the susceptibility to SARS-CoV-2. MEDICAL SCIENCES 2022; 32 (4) :337-346
URL: http://tmuj.iautmu.ac.ir/article-1-1989-en.html


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Volume 32, Issue 4 (winter 2022) Back to browse issues page
فصلنامه علوم پزشکی دانشگاه آزاد اسلامی واحد پزشکی تهران Medical Science Journal of Islamic Azad Univesity - Tehran Medical Branch
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